So what is diabetes aka high sugar level? Diabetes aka high blood sugar levels is a disease in which the blood sugar level rises due to insufficient production of a natural human pancreatic hormone called insulin.
Insulin is usually produced by the pancreas ( an abdominal human organ) more specifically by the beta cells in the islets of Langerhans. These cells produce insulin in response to elevated glucose levels in the blood which most commonly occur after the ingestion of a meal. The body digests the food and small carbohydrates such as glucose are absorbed by the intestines which are then moved into the blood to be transported to the various organs of the human body.
When the human body cannot produce enough insulin that is required physiologically (normally) or the insulin produced is not sufficiently utilized by the body then we say the person is suffering from diabetes.
To be clear it is a chronic disease and hence it is not curable by just merely a few shots or a course of drugs. It is a prolonged condition that currently is manageable by proper diet control and regular doses of adequate insulin or oral diabetic hyperglycemic control drugs such as metformin, glipizide, glyburide …etc.
Diabetes is a medical disease that affects almost 9.1 million people just in the united states. This gives you an overall insight into the nature of this disease’s scale. As it is a chronic disease that stays with the person for a long time the burden of this disease in the entire population is gradually increasing several folds every year. Almost 1 in 10 individuals in the world are suffering from diabetes currently. Diabetes is one of the biggest killers as it can lead to all sorts of problems as I will outline in the upcoming articles.
This is article no. 1 from a series of articles that dive deep into diabetes. Learn more about about diabetes here.
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